B.Sc (+3 CBCS) Practical Physics 


CORE PAPER I LAB:(Mathematical Physics-1)
 Programs (C or C++): 
1. Sum and average of a list of numbers
2. Largest of a given list of numbers and its location in the list
3. Sorting of numbers in ascending descending order
4. Binary search
5. Area of circle

 6. Area of square

 7. Volume of sphere

 8. Value of π and applications in physics lab.

1. To study surface tension by capillary rise method

2. To determine the height of a building using a Sextant.

3. To study the Motion of Spring and calculate (a) Spring constant, (b) g and

(c) Modulus of rigidity.

4. To determine the Moment of Inertia of a Flywheel.

5. To determine Coefficient of Viscosity of water by Capillary Flow Method (Poiseuilles method).

6. To determine the Modulus of Rigidity of a Wire by Maxwells needle.

7. To determine the value of g using Bar Pendulum.
8. To determine the value of g using Kater’s Pendulum

CORE PAPER III LAB:(Electricity & Magnetism)
1. Use a Multimeter for measuring (a) Resistances, (b) AC and DC Voltages, c)DC

Current, (d) Capacitances, and (e) Checking electrical fuses.

2. To study the characteristics of a series RC Circuit.

3. To determine an unknown Low Resistance using Potentiometer.

4. To determine an unknown Low Resistance using Carey Fosters Bridge.

5. And compare capacitances using DeSautys bridge.

6. Measurement of field strength B and its variation in a solenoid/ artificial coil (determine dB/dx).

7. To verify the Thevenin and Norton theorems.

8. To determine self inductance of a coil by Andersons bridge.

9. To study response curve of a Series LCR circuit and determine its (a) Reso-nant frequency, (b) Impedance at resonance, (c) Quality factor Q, and (d) Band width.

10. To study the response curve of a parallel LCR circuit and determine its (a) Antiresonance frequency and (b) Quality factor Q.

CORE PAPER-IV LAB:(Wave & Optics)

1. To determine the frequency of an electric tuning fork by Meldes experiment and verify 2 T law.

2. To plot the I-D curve and to determine the refractive index of a prism.

3. To determine refractive index of the Material of a prism using sodium source.

4. To determine the dispersive power and Cauchy constants of the material of a prism using mercury       source.

5. To determine wavelength of sodium light using Newton’s Rings.

6. To determine wavelength of (1) Na source and (2) spectral lines of Hg source using plane                    diffraction grating.

7. To determine dispersive power and resolving power of a plane diffraction grating.


CORE PAPER-V LAB (Scilab):(Mathematical Physics-2)

1. Curve fitting, Least square fit Goodness of fit, standard constant Deviation.

2. Ohms law to calculate R.

3. Hooke’s law to calculate spring constant.

4. Solution of Linear system of equations by Gauss elimination Solution method.

5. Solution of Linear system of equations by Gauss Seidal method

6. Diagonalization matrices.

7. Inverse of a matrix.

8. Eigen vectors of a matrix.

9. Solution of mesh equations of electric circuits (3meshes).

10. Solution of coupled spring mass systems (3masses)

11. First order Differential equation Euler, modified Euler, Runge- Kutta methods.

12. Second order differential equation. Fixed difference method: First order differential equations.

13.   Radioactive decay.

14. Current in RC and LC circuits with DC source.

15.   Newton’s law of cooling.

16.  Classical equations of motion.

17.    Harmonic oscillator (no friction).

18. Damped Harmonic oscillator, Over damped, Critical damped, Oscillatory, Forced Harmonic               oscillator.

19. Transient and Steady state solution.

20.  Apply above to LCR circuits also.

CORE PAPER-VI LAB:(Thermal Physics)

1.      To determine Mechanical Equivalent of Heat, J, by Callender and Barnes constant flow method.

2.      To determine the Coefficient of Thermal Conductivity of a bad conductor by Lee and Charltons disc method.

3.      To determine the Temperature Coefficient of Resistance by Platinum Resistance Thermometer (PRT).

4.      To study the variation of Thermo-emf of a Thermocouple with Difference of Temperature of its Two Junctions.

5.      To determine the specific heat of liquid by the method of cooling

6.      To determine the specific heat of solid by applying radiation correction.

CORE PAPER-VII LAB: (Analog system & applications)
1. To study the V-I characteristics of a Zener diode and its use as voltage  regulator.
2. Study of V-I and power curves of solar cells, and find maximum power point and efficiency.
3. To study the characteristics of a Bipolar Junction Transistor in CE configuration and draw load line
4. To study the various biasing configurations of BJT for normal class A operation.
5. To study the frequency response of voltage gain of a RC-coupled transistor amplifier.
6. To design and study OP Amp-IC (741/351) as inverting and non inverting amplifier
7. To design and study OP Amp-IC (741/351) as integrator and differentiation and study frequency           response.
8. To design and study OP Amp-IC (741/351) as adder and subtractor.
9. To design a Wien bridge oscillator for given frequency using a nop-amp.
10. To design a phase shift oscillator of given specifications using BJT.
11. To study the Colpitt’s oscillator.
CORE PAPER-VII LAB:(Mathematical Physics-3)

CORE PAPER-IX LAB (Elements of Modern Physics)

1. To show the tunneling effect in tunnel diode using I-V characteristics.

2. To determine the wavelength of laser source using diffraction of single slit.

3. To determine the wavelength of laser source using diffraction of double slits.

4. To determine (1) wavelength and (2) angular spread of He-Ne laser using plane diffraction grating.

5. To determine the Plancks constant using LEDs of at least 4 different colours.

6. To determine the value of e/m by (a) Magnetic focusing or (b) Bar magnet.

7. To setup the Millikan oil drop apparatus and determine the charge of an electron.

CORE PAPER-X LAB: (Digital system& Applications)

1. Student should know how to measure (a) Voltage, and (b) Time period of a periodic waveform using CRO and to test a Diode and Transistor using a Millimeter.

2. To design a switch (NOT gate) using a transistor.

3. To verify and design AND, OR, NOT and XOR gates using NAND gates.

4. Half Adder, Full Adder and 4-bit binary Adder.

5. Half Subtractor, Full Subtractor, Adder- Subtractor using Full AdderI.C.

6. To build Flip-Flop(RS,Clocked RS,D- type and JK) circuits using NAND gates.

7. To design an stable multivibrator of given specifications using 555Timer. 

8. To design a monostable multivibrator of given specifications using 555 Timer.

CORE PAPER-XILAB:(Quantum Mechanics & Applications)


Laboratory Based Experiments : (to be taken up depending on availability of
1. Study of Electron spin resonance- determine magnetic field as a function
of the resonance frequency
2. Study of Zeeman effect: with external magnetic field; Hyper fine splitting
3. To show the tunneling effect in tunnel diode using I-V characteristics.
4. Quantum efficiency of CCDs

CORE PAPER-XII LAB:(Solid State Physics)

1. Measurement of susceptibility of paramagnetic solution (Quinck’s Tube-Method)

2. To measure the Magnetic susceptibility of Solids.

3. To measure the Dielectric Constant of a dielectric Materials and variation with frequency.

4. To determine the Hall coefficient of a semiconductor sample.

5. To draw the BH curve of Fe using solenoid and to determine the energy loss from Hysteresis.

6. To measure the resistivity and band gap of a given semiconductor by fourprobe method.

7. To study PE hysteresis loop of a ferroelectric crystal.

CORE PAPER XIII LAB:(Electromagnetic Theory)

1. To verify the law of Malus for plane polarized light.

2. To determine the specific rotation of sugar solution using Polarimeter.

3. To analyze elliptically polarized Light by using a Babinets compensator.

4. To determine the refractive index of liquid by total internal reflection using Wollastonsair-film.

5. To determine the refractive Index of (1) glass and (2) a liquid by total internal reflection using a Gaussian eye piece.

6. To study the polarization of light by reflection and determine the polarizing angle for air-glass interface.
7. To verify the Stefan‘s law of radiation and to determine Stefan’s constant.

8. To determine the Boltzmann constant using V-I characteristics of PN junction diode. 

9. To determine wavelength and velocity of ultrasonic wave in liquid.

CORE PAPER-XIV LAB:(Statistical Mechanics)

Use C/C++/ Sci lab for solving the problems based on Statistical Mechanics
1. Plot Plancks law for Black Body radiation and compare it with Weins law and find Wein’s constant and Stefan constant
2. plot Raleigh-Jeans Law at high temperature (room temperature) and low temperature.

3. Plot Specific Heat of Solids by comparing (a) Dulong-Petit law, (b) Einstein distribution function, (c) Debye distribution function for high temperature (room temperature) and low temperature and compare them for these two cases.

4. Plot Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution function.

5. Plot Fermi-Dirac distribution function.

6. Plot Bose-Einstein distribution function.

Get all codes of C++ program.

Syllabus For:                                                      Get all B.Sc Physics Notes

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